:                                                                       EXAMINATION QUESTIONS FOR THE STOMATHOLOGYC FACULTY. 

Dystrophies: definition, reasons of development, classification. Parenchymal protein dystrophies: morphology, causes, pathogenesis.
Parenchymal lipid and carbohydrate dystrophies. Morphology. Causes. Pathogenesis.
Stromal-vascular protein dystrophies. Mucoid and fibrinoid swelling. Morphology. Causes. Pathogenesis.
Stromal-vascular dysproteinoses: hyalinosis, amyloidosis. Morphology. Causes. Pathogenesis.
Stromal-vaskular lipid dystrophies . Morphology. Causes. Pathogenesis.
Stromala-vascular carbohydrate dystrophies. Morphology. Causes. Pathogenesis
Chromoproteids metabolism pathology. Classification. Morphology. Causes. Pathogenesis.
Nucleoproteins metabolism pathology. Morphology. Causes. Pathogenesis.
Mineral metabolism pathology and formation of petrificates. Morphology. Causes. Pathogenesis. Results.
Concept of paranecrosis, necrobiosis, pathobiosis, autolysis. Morphology. Causes. Pathogenesis. Classification of necrosis. Clinical-morphologic forms of necrosis, their importance and outcomes.
Death. Sings of death. Post-mortal changes. Death mechanisms. Pathoanatomic sings of death. Ethics of autopsy. Concept of tanatogenesis.
Plethora (blood congestion) Classification. Causes. Types. Morphology. Changes in organs, outcomes, possible complications.
Anemia. Causes. Forms. Morphology. Changes in organs. Complications, outcomes
Infraction: causes, pathogenesis, morphology of the stages, outcomes.
Thrombosis: causes, forms, morphology, outcomes, importance.
Embolism: causes, forms, morphology, outcomes, importance.
Hemorrhage: causes, forms, morphology, results, importance.
Plasmorrhage: causes, mechanisms of development, morphology, importance.
Stasis: causes, mechanisms of development, morphology, importance.
Lymph formation insufficiency: causes, forms, morphology, outcomes, importance.
Interstitial liquid content pathology. Edema: causes, mechanisms of development, morphology, importance. Edema of the cavities. Exicosis.
Inflammation. Its essence and biologic importance. Etiology and pathogenesis. Morphology of the inflammation: alteration, exudation, proliferation.
Classification of the inflammation. Alterative inflammation. Exudative inflammation. Morphologic characteristics, outcomes. 
Productive inflammation, its forms: interstitial, granulematose, inflammation with forming of the polyps. Reasons (causes) and mechanisms of development, morphologic characteristics, outcomes.
Morphology of the immunogenesis disturbance. Changes in the thymus and the peripheral lymphatic tissue in the immunogeriesis disturbances.
Hypersensitivity of the immediate and delayed type of reaction. Morphology. Morphogenesis.
Adaptation and compensation. The concept, biologic and medical importance. Phasecharacter of the course. Morphofunctional characteristics.
Regeneration: the concept and biological importance. Wounds healing. Morphogenesis. Forms (kinds) of regeneration
Regeneration of blood, vessels and connective tissue. Morphologic characteristics.
Regeneration of bone, muscular tissue and epithelium. Morphologic characteristics.
Regeneration of liver, pancreas, kidneys, internal secretion glands, lungs, myocardium, encephalon (brain) and spinal cord and peripheral nerves.
Hypertrophy (hyperplasia): causes, forms, mechanism of development, morphology.
Atrophy: causes, forms, morphology, outcomes.
Rearranging (rebuilding) of the tissue. Metaplasia. Dysplasia: causes, morphology.
Tumors, morphogenesis and histogenesis of the tumors. Morphology of the pretumor stages. Tumors' structure. Cellular and tissue atypism.
Modern classification of the tumors. Malignant tumors, malignisation criteria. Metaplasia. Relapse.
Epithelial tumors: mature and immature. Classification and morphology.
Mesenchymal tumors: mature and immature. Classification and morphology. Tumors of the vervous tissue, morphology.
Concept of the disease. Principles of the disease's study. Etiology and pathogenesis. Nosologic pathological anatomy. Classification and nomenclatureof the disease, Dianosis, principles of the diagnosis' forming. Causes of death.
Pathomorphosis of disease. Pathology of the intensive therapy. Resuscitation pathology: the main morphologic manifestation.
Pathologic anatomy of the acute alcohol poisoning and chronic alcoholic poisoning.
Anemia: causes, pathogenesis, forms. Morphologic characteristics, course, complications, outcomes.
Tumors of the blood. Classification. Acute leukaemia: forms, morphology, outcomes, complications.
Tumors of the blood. Chronic leukaemia: forms, morphology , outcomes, complications.
Regional tumor disease of the hemopoetic system: forms, morphologic characteristic.
Disease of cardio-vascular system. Bacterial endocarditis: morphology, outcomes. Myocarditis: morphology, outcomes.
Cardiomyopathies: causes, pathogenesis, morphology. Cardiosclerosis: causes, mechanism of development, forms, morphology
Atheroslerosis. Etiology, pathogenesis, pathological anatomy of different stages. Clinical-morphological forms, their characteristics. 
Hypertensive disease: etiology, pathogenesis. Morphology of the death. Morphology of the hypertensive crisis. Clinical-morphological forms of the hypertensive disease, their characteristic. Causes of the death.
Ischemic heart disease (IHD). Concept of IHD. Connection with atherosclerosis and hypertensive disease. Etiology and pathogenesis. Myocardial infraction. Acute, recurrent, secondary myocardial infraction. Morphology of the complications. Tanatogenesis. Chronic Ischemic Disease of the Heart: morphology of the complications, causes of death.
Rheumatic disease. Morphology of the immune disturbances and the processes of systemic disorganization of the connective tissue. Rheumatism: etiology, pathogenesis, pathological anatomy of the stages, complications.
Vasculites. Causes, morphology, outcomes. Primary and secondary vasculites.
Acute inflammatory disease of the lungs. Classification, its principles. Crupouse pneumonia: etiology, pathogenesis, pathological anatomy of the stages, complications.
Acute bronchitis: morphology. Bronchopneumonia: etiology, pathogenesis, pathological anatomy, complications. Interstitial pneumonia: pathogenesis, morphology. Acute destructional processes in the lungs: pathogenesis, morphology.
Chronic, non-spesific diseases of the lungs (CNDL): chronic bronchitis, bronchoectatic disease, pneumosclerosis, emphysema of he lungs. Pathological anatomy of each nosological unit. Bronchial asthma: etiology, pathogenesis, pathological anatomyof the stages, complications.
Cancer of the lungs: etiology, pathogenesis. Precancer processes. Clinical-morphological classification. X-ray and hystologic forms of the cancer. Metastasing consequences.
The disease of fauces and pharynx. Tonsillitis: causes, developmental mechanisms. Primary and secondary tonsillitis, acute and chronic.
Disease of the stomach. Gastritis - acute and chronic. Etiology, pathogenesis, morphological forms, complications.
Peptic ulcer of the stomach and the duodenum. Etiology and pathogenesis, pathological anatomy, complications, outcomes. Chronic ulcers a precancer process. Cancer of the esophagus and stomach: etiology, pathogenesis, classification, morphology, complications.
Enteritis: acute and chronic. Etiology, pathogenesis, complications. Colitis: acute and chronic. Etiology, pathogenesis , complications
Appendicitis: etiology, pathogenesis, morphology, classification. Pathological anatomy of acute and chronic appendicitis, complications.
Disease of the peritoneum. Peritonitis: etiology, pathogenesis, morphology, complications. Tumors of the peritoneum , morphology.
Hepatosis: hereditary and acquired, acute and chronic. Toxic dystrophy of the liver as a variant of the acute hepatosis: etiology, pathogenesis, morphology, complications, outcomes. Lipid hepatosis: etiology, pathogenesis, morphology, complications, outcomes.
Hepatitis: classification, morphology. Viral hepatitis: etiology, epidemology, clinic-morphologic forms, their morphologic characteristics, complications and outcomes. Alcoholic hepatitis. Medicamentous hepatitis.
Liver cirrhosis: classification, etiology, pathogenesis, morphology, complications, outcomes. The liver cancer, importance of the liver cirrhosis as a precancer process.
Disease of the pancreas. Pancreatitis: kinds, causes, developmental mechanisms, pathological anatomy, complications, outcomes. Cancer of the pancreas, morphologic characteristics.
Disease of kidneys: classification. Glomerulonephritis: classification, etiology, pathogenesis, morphology, complications, outcomes.
Amyloidosis of the kidneys: etiology, pathogenesis, morphology, complications, outcomes.
Acute renal insufficiency: etiology, pathogenesis, morphology, complications, outcomes.
Chronic tubulopathia of the obstructive genesis: etiology, pathogenesis, morphology, complications, outcomes
Nephrosclerosis: etiology , pathogenesis, morphogenesis, kinds, morphology, outcomes. 
Hypertrophy of the prostate gland (dyshormonal hypertrophic prostatopathia): forms, morphology and complications. Glandular hyperplasia of the uterus mucous membrane: morphologic characteristic, complications.
Bening dysplasias of the mammary gland. Classification. non-proliferative and proliferativeform . Morphology, complications.
Inflamatory disease of sexual organs and mammary gland. Endometritis: acute and chronic. Etiology, pathogenesis, morphology, complications. Mastitis: acute and chronic. Etiology, pathogenesis, morphology, complications.
Cancer of the uterus. Precancer processes. Classification of the uterus cancer. Morphologic characteristic. Hystologic forms. Metastasing consequences, complications. Cancer of the mammary gland. Precancer processes. Classification, morphology, histological forms, metastasing forms, complications.
Gestosis: kinds, etiology, pathogenesis, pathological anatomy, tanatogenesis. Extrauterrine pregnancy: forms, etiology, complications Hydatid mole: morphology, complications.
The disease of pituitary gland: acromegalia, hypopituitarism, cerebro-hypophyseal cachexia, Icenko-cushing disease, adipozo-genital dystrophy, diabetes insipidus. Tumors of pituitary gland: mature and immature. Etiology, pathogenesis, morphology.
Pathology of the thyroid gland. Goiter: forms, morphology, complications, causes of the death. Tumors of the thyroid gland. Morphology, complications. Hyperparathyreoidism. Parathyreoid osteodystrophy: morphology.
Diabetes mellitus. Etiology, pathogenesis, pathology anatomy. Macro- and microangiopathias as expressions (manifestations) of the diabetes mellitus. Kinds of the diabetic microangiopathias, morphology, complications, causes of the death.
Rachitis and scorbut: etiology, pathogenesis, pathologic anatomy, complications.
Diseases of the sceleton (bone, osseous) system. Parathyreoid dystrophy, osteomyelitis, fibrous dysplasia: etiology, pathogenesis, morphology , complications.
Diseases of the joints. Osteoarthrosis, rheumatoid arthritis: etiology, pathogenesis, morphology complications.
Diseases of the skeletal muscles. Progressive muscular dystrophy, myasteny: etiology, pathogenesis, morphology, complications.
Diseases of the central nervous system. Alzheimer's disease. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Disseminated sclerosis. Etiology, pathogenesis, morphology, complications, tanatogenesis. 
Encephalitis: classification, etiology, pathogenesis, morphology, complications, tanatogenesis.
Viral diseases. Acute respiratory viral infections: influenza, respiratory-sincitial infection, adenoviral infection. Etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, morphology, complications, tanatogenesis.
Smallpox and rabies. Etiology, pathogenesis, pathological anatomy, complications, tanatogenesis. AIDS. Etiology, pathological anatomy, stages of complications, tanatogenesis.
Rickettsioses, classification. Epidemic typhus: etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, pathological anatomy, complications, causes of death.
Intestinal bacteria infections. Enteric fever (typhoid). Salmoneloses: etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, pathological anatomy, complications, causes of the death.
Dysentery: etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, pathological anatomy, complications, causes of death.
Cholera as a quarantine disease. Etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, pathological anatomy, complications, causes of death.
Droplet bacterial infections. Meningococcal infection. Etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, pathological anatomy, complications , causes of death.
Diphtheria: etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, pathological anatomy, complications, causes of death.
Scarlet fever: etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, pathological anatomy, complications, causes of death.
Anthropozoonozes: plague, tularemia, brucellosis, anthrax. Etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, pathological anatomy, complications, causes of death.
Tuberculosis: etiology, pathogenesis, classification. Primary hematogenous tuberculosis: pathological anatomy, complications, outcomes.
Secondary tuberculosis: pathological anatomy, complications, causes of death, pathomorphosis.
Syphilis: etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis. Primary, secondary and tertiary syphilis. Congenital syphilis (early and late). Visceral syphilis. Pathological anatomy, complications , causes of death.
Relapsing fever: etiology, pathological morphology, complications (typhys recurrens).
Fungal diseases (mycoses). Dermatomycoses. Visceral mycoses. Morphological characteristic. Diseases, which caused by radial, yeast-like, yeast and mold fungi.
Diseases caused by protozoa and helmintes: malaria, amebiasis, balantidiasis, echinococcosis. Etiology, pathogenesis, pathological anatomy, complications, causes of death.
Sepsis: etiology, pathogenesis, pathological anatomy, classification, clinical-anatomical forms, results (outcomes), causes of death. Odontogenous sepsis.
Caries. Etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis. Stages. Their pathological anatomy. Outcomes. Complications. Features of caries in childhood.
Jet changes of a pulp of a tooth. Frustration of blood circulation. Dystrophies. Necrosis. Atrophy. Sclerosis. Kinds. Morphology. Pulpitis (acute and chronic). Etiology, pathogenesis. Forms. Morphology. Complication. Outcomes.
Gingivitis. Dental adjournment. Periodontitis (acute and chronic). Etiology, pathogenesis. Forms. Morphology. Complications. Outcomes.
Periostitis. Osteomyelitis of a jaw. Etiology, pathogenesis. Morphology. Abscess and a phlegmon of maxillofacial area. Pathological anatomy. Complications. Outcomes.
Stomatitis (acute and chronic). Etiology, pathogenesis, morphology, complications, outcomes.
Necrosis of firm fabrics of a tooth. Wedge similar defect. Etiology, pathogenesis. Morphology. Outcomes.
Parodontosis. Etiology, pathogenesis, pathological anatomy. Morphology. Anatomy of stages. Complications. Outcomes
Tumours of maxillofacial area and organs of an oral cavity. Odontogenic tumours of epithelium, mesenchima and mixed genesis. Kinds. Morphology.
dontogenic cysts of  jaw dysontogenesis and inflammation genesis. Pathogenesis. Morphology.
Epulis. Kinds. Morphology. Fibrous dysplasia. Cherubism. Eosinophilic granuloma. The morphological characteristic.
Precancer changes of a mucous membrane of an oral cavity. Leucoplacia. Hyper- and discreatosis. Kinds. Morphology.
Epidermic cancer of a lip, language, a mucous membrane, an oral cavity. Clinical-anatomic forms. Features of growth.